The March 10,2011 earthquake magnitude 9.1 in Japan and the dramatic increase in
ones with magnitude 6 or more . If we analyze this trend looks like we are approaching
to a new era of high seismic and volcano activity that we have to take with caution.
One more time, my previous observation that in a big catastrophe no government rich
or poor will not be able to provide sufficient help response on time and supplies,
has been one more time demonstrated during the Japan 9.1 earthquake on March 10,
2011 and in the USA Katrina hurricane in 2005.
FEMA recommendation for “at least 3 days” supply of water and food is totally unrealistic
when even they could not supply during several days basic emergency medical services,
food and water during the Katrina hurricane. The best you can do is to stay prepared
and follow the “Earthquake Survival Guide“ and the “Earthquake Preparedness Check
List” in this site.
In a major disaster most communications, roads, services and utilities are disrupted
creating a major shortage of vital supplies such as water, food, medicine and in
most cases shelter. It has been seen that help from any source could take from several
days to weeks before reaches the affected areas and even months to restate and normalize
the supply chain as occurred during the above mentioned events.
Earthquake Survival Guide
Earthquake survival guide
It is important to read and meditate the recommendations given in this article, you
never know, but it will be your chance to survive after an earthquake. Some people
might say why to expend such amount of money in items for a reserve that maybe I
never will use? Actually most of these items are consumables that you use everyday,
all what you have to do is label the date and use them before their expiration date,
and replace them with fresher ones.
The Minimum Recommended Inventory:
At least 3 liters per person for 30 days supply or 90 litters,
60 days supply of medicines for people under critical or chronic conditions such
as for diabetes, heart diseases, cancer etc. But never less than 30 days.
Be sure to include sufficient food for at least 30 days for each family member, this
inventory must be composed of not perishable articles such as canned food, cereals,
dried milk, canned juices and dried fruits. It could be good idea to also include
vitamin C just in case the availability of fresh or dried fruits scarce. Include
one or two manual can openers with your food stock and don’t forget matches.
Include charging means such as for car, solar, winding etc.
Walkie Talkies and Emergency Multiband Radios The choice here is the long range
type of 12 miles or more. This could be the only communications link among families
members, while checking around or searching for other members at distant points.
It could be possible that cell phones will be disrupted, be sure to include additional
set of batteries and a solar charger if available. Don’t forget an emergency
band radio to listen to government announcements.
A First Aid Emergency Kit Box
Include bandages strips such as Band Aids, aspirins, tablets to disinfect water,
gauze pads and rolls, scissors, tweezers, soap and hand sanitizers, tooth paste
and brush, disposable rubber or latex gloves, protective eye goggles, thermometer,
sterile eyewash solution, a box of matches, prescription, antibiotics and anti-diarrhea
medicines, alcohol, feminine napkins, sanitary paper rolls, keep a list of doctors
, emergency services, relatives and close friends telephone numbers.
In the event of a major earthquake you house could be severely damaged turning it
un-habitable, therefore you will need depending on your area climate a proper set
of jackets, thermal underwear, umbrellas, tents, blankets, sleeping bags, some cooking
elements such as a portable gas grill or stove, casseroles, knifes, spoons, can openers,
plastic or metal plates, a table and flash lights lanterns with extra batteries,
matches, candles and if it can be afforded a small electricity gasoline generator
with sufficient gasoline supply.
Store all these items in a place away from possible structures collapses or any other
kind of security hazards such as floods and fires, assure a clear path to these supplies
in case you house is destroyed. These materials must be labeled and secured in a
container that protect them from weather and climate. Keep these items not visible
to estranges because has been proven that people gets wild and aggressive under desperate
situations, we don’t want to sound selfish but keep your survival stock plans
and location information for yourself, your family and maybe your most trust worthy
friends only. You can still always helpful and cooperative to others but do not
reveal what you have, and do not feel bad about it, otherwise you could be a victim
of robbery and even killed, remember that all this is only for you and your family
Always set a part a money reserve for you and your family needs, the amount required
will depend on what you average expenses is in one month could be, plus some additional
amount for any unexpected expense, remember that automatic tellers and backs more
likely will be closed for lack of electricity or riots.
Additional safety Precautions:
Be sure to know where your house main electrical breakers are and if it is safe turn
them off, have a tool handy near the gas shut down valve to turn it off, again only
if it safe to do it. Do the same with your water mains.